An important publication by the Controversialist Thomas Pierce (1622-1691). Prior to 1644 Pierce was imbued with Calvinism, but then changed his views and proceeded to attack his abandoned opinions with the zeal of a neo-convert. He published in 1655 his first piece on the subject and then in 1656 the first edition of this publication which further defined his position. This “Second edition” appears to be considerably enlarged. The “Grand Characteristic” has a seperate sub-title preceeded by a full-page woodcut illustration of the “Coat of Arms for the County of Wilts”.